Camp Zachary Taylor was opened in 1917 as a training camp for U.S. soldiers for WWI. it closed in 1920. Camp Taylor is a now the name of a residential neighborhood in the same part of Louisville. Some of the original buildings remain and some of the bungalows and Cape Cod houses were built from the dismantled military buildings.
The Camp Zachary Taylor Historical Society has lots of additional information on the history of the camp.